Industrial Wind Impacts on Wildlife

General Wildlife Resources

Montford, Andrew. GREEN KILLING MACHINES, The impact of renewable energy on wildlife and nature. The Global Warming Policy Foundation
GWPF Report 36. 2019. ISBN 978-1-9160700-2-8

Technology Integration White Paper,   American Wind Wildlife Institute . Prepared by: Kaj Skov Nielsen, Independent Consultant. December 06, 2018.
A new white paper provides guidance on the technical details for integrating wildlife impact minimization technologies into operating wind energy facilities.


January 2018 Environmental changes and disturbance factors caused by wind turbines may act as potential stressors for natural populations of both flying and ground dwelling animal species.  Ecological Indicators Volume 84, Lopucki et al., 2018 

     “Living in habitats affected by wind turbines may result in an increase in corticosterone levels in ground dwelling animals…  The physiological stress response results in release of glucocorticoid hormones. LINK

Peter R. Law, Mark Fuller. Evaluating anthropogenic landscape alterations as wildlife hazards, with wind farms as an example, Ecological Indicators, Volume 94, Part 1,
2018, Pages 380-385, ISSN 1470-160X,

Peter R. Law, A Cost-Benefit Analysis Of Wind Farms And Wildlife Hazards.  DECEMBER 13, 2018

Impacts of Industrial Wind Development On Wildlife and Ridgeline Habitat, PeakKeepers of Vermont’s Mountains. December 2013 (PDF)  (Web Version)

September 2007, Impacts of Wind Energy Facilities on Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat. The Wildlife Society. Technical Review Committee on Wind Energy Facilities and Wildlife

* Wind Energy Supported Group

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