Industrial Wind Impacts

July 2016. Wind turbines cause chronic stress in badgers. in Great Britain.  R. C. N. Agnew, V. J. Smith, , R. C. Fowkes. Journal of Wildlife Diseases: July 2016, Vol. 52, No. 3, pp. 459-467.   (PDF)

Ferrão da Costa et al., 2018     “According to a review by Lovich and Ennen (2013), the construction and operation of wind farms have both potential and known impacts on terrestrial vertebrates.  Results have shown that the main impact of wind farms on wolves is the induced reduction on breeding site fidelity and reproductive rates.

2008, Joris Everaert , English Abstract:  Effects of wind turbines on fauna in Flanders  Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek (Nature and Forest Institute), Brussels, Belgium. Download original document: “Effecten van windturbines op de fauna in Vlaanderen

Rabin LA, Coss RG, Owings DH. 2006. The effects of wind turbines on anti-predator behaviour in California ground squirrels (Spermophilus beecheyl). Biol. Conserv., 131(3), 410-420

Ryunosuke Kikuchi , Adverse impacts of wind power generation on collision behaviour of birds and anti-predator behaviour of squirrels, 4 December 2006, – Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, Bencanta, 3040-316 Coimbra, Portugal. Journal for Nature Conservation 16 (2008) 44—55


The Indirect Impacts of Wind Farms on Terrestrial Mammals: Insights from the Disturbance and Exclusion Effects on Wolves (Canis lupus) Gonçalo Ferrão da Costa, João Paula, Francisco Petrucci-Fonseca and Francisco Álvares

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