Viewshed and the landscape.
Lake Superior Action Research Conservation, lsarc.ca
Poll finds 80 per cent want to keep Wild Land Areas free of major development, John Muir Trust.
In June 2017 this poll found that an absolute majority – 52 per cent – ‘strongly agree’ that “Wild Land Areas should continue to be protected from large-scale infrastructure such as industrial-scale wind farms, major electricity transmission and super-quarries”, while a further 28 per cent ‘tend to agree’.
Scenic America Presentation Wind and the Landscape (pdf) by Kevin E. Fry President, Scenic America
2011, Wind Turbine Visibility and Visual Impact Threshold Distances, Robert Sullivan, Visual Resource Analysis, Argonne National Laboratory’s Environmental Science Division.
“Field observation of wind facilities in western landscapes revealed that the facilities were visible at distances of 36 mi (58 km) in both daytime and nighttime views, and were found a major focus of visual attention at distances of up to 12 mi (19km)”
Online Database, Google Earth KMZ (KMZ, 35KB), Publication (PDF, 1.5MB)
Additional Studies from Visual Resource Analysis, Argonne National Laboratory
EVS’s visual impact assessments developed as part of national- or regional-scale programmatic environmental impact statements (PEISs):
Planning and siting of energy facilities to avoid or reduce potential visual impacts to sensitive visual resource areas:
- Visual Impact Risk Assessment and Mitigation Mapping System (VIRAMMS)
- Conserving Views that Extend Beyond Park Service Boundaries National Park Service Units
- Upper Great Plains Wind Energy PEIS
Visual impact assessment and mitigation guidance for renewable energy:
- Best Management Practices for Reducing Visual Impacts (PDF Report)
- Guidance for Evaluating Quality of Visual Impact Assessments
- Algoma Region offers a “backdrop of breathtaking landscapes.” That was before wind turbines were built.
- Blight for Naught: Wind Turbines and the Rationalized Desecration of Nature
- Google Earth Map Mock 360 view from Mount Curwood.
- Horizon and skyline of Lake Winnebago dominated by 400 foot turbines.
- Preliminary topographical turbine viewshed.
- Property value loss from North Stormont wind farm in the millions: Wind Concerns Ontario
- The seclusion and solitude at remote waterfalls will forever be lost.
- The size of 500 foot turbines is hard to grasp.
- Video: Huron Mountain ORV Ride Michigan Treadhead’s
- Video: Wind turbines and the myth of green energy
- View of Turbines reduces home values by 15%
- Visual Blight and Noise pollution.
- Wind Energy Documents: New Hampshire
- Wind Farm at Night.
- Wind Turbine Visibility and Visual Impact Threshold Distances
- Windmills changing the NH Landscape – Girard At Large