Resources |Carbon Sink, Forests

The Benefits of Forests and Wetlands as carbon sinks, in combating climate change.

2010. CO2 payback time for a wind farm on afforested peatland in the UK
J.T. Mitchell, , J. Grace, and G.P. Harrison.  Mires and Peat, Volume 4 (2008–2010), Article 10,, ISSN 1819-754X , 2010 International Mire Conservation Group and International Peat Society
SUMMARY: The siting of wind farms on natural and afforested upland peatlands presents an interesting public policy dilemma. Such locations may offer developers attractive wind characteristics amidst sparse human settlement, but the associated disturbance of carbon from soils and vegetation may reduce the carbon benefits that can be derived from wind farm operation. … The results show that the wind farm would compensate for its life cycle CO2 emissions in less than three years of operation in Harwood Forest, whereas the CO2 payback time would be reduced to less than five months if it were placed at an alternative site where CO2 emissions from disturbed soil and vegetation were not an issue.

 Carbon Dioxide Reduction Through Urban Forestry: Guidelines for Professional and Volunteer Tree PlantersE. Gregory McPherson James R. Simpson. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. PSW-GTR-171. January 1999.

An Initial SPARROW Model of Land Use and In-Stream Controls on Total Organic Carbon in Streams of the Conterminous United States, Jhih-Shyang Shih, Richard B. Alexander, Richard A. Smith, Elizabeth W. Boyer, Gregory E. Schwarz, and Susie Chung. Open-File Report 2010–1276. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Geological Survey. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia: 2010

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2017, Managing the Risks of Wind Farms in Forested Areas: Design, Aarhus University Department of Business Development and Technology (BTECH)

Principles for Northern Europe. “This is where the wind profile shifts from exponentially within the forest to logarithmically above the forest, and this change in the wind profile
causes turbulence and unpredictable wind flows. It is worth mentioning that the turbulence and changes in wind speed above the forest canopy vary on the impact from the atmospheric stratification (Brayshaw, et al., 2011).”

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