U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Classification of Wetlands Additional Information.
The Cowardin system is used by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for the National Wetlands Inventory: Classification of Wetlands and Deepwater Habitats of the United States.
Another common wetland classification system, used by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, was developed by Brinson and is described in A Hydrogeomorphic Classification for Wetlands.
Types of Streams
Wetlands Factsheet Series
Great Lakes regions (northern bogs)
Volunteer Monitoring Can Protect Wetlands
Wetland Bioassessment Resources for Volunteer Monitoring
Wetland Volunteer Monitoring Programs in Select States
Volunteer Wetland Monitoring: An Introduction and Resource Guide (PDF)(51 pp, 102 MB, About PDF) – This booklet provides an introduction to why and how people monitor wetlands and includes a multi-page resource guide to handbooks and manuals that offer detailed information on wetland monitoring for the layperson. While it is not a methods manual, the guide also offers advice on approaching wetland monitoring, most of which is a synthesis of comments received from organizers of a wetland monitoring programs across the United States.
Starting Out in Volunteer Water Monitoring
Handbook for Wetlands Conservation and Sustainability EXIT – This handbook has an overview of wetlands ecology, functions, and values and provides a framework for hands-on activities to monitor wetlands health that you can follow directly or adapt to fit your local needs.
Wetlands Walk Manual (PDF)(17 pp, 273 K, About PDF) and Supplement Worksheets (PDF)(8 pp, 132 K, About PDF) – offers citizens the opportunity to become partners in learning about wetlands.
Canada Wetlands natural Resources:
Canada’s natural resources:
Wetlands are submerged or permeated by water — either permanently or temporarily — and are characterized by plants adapted to saturated soil conditions. Wetlands include fresh and salt water marshes, wooded swamps, bogs, seasonally flooded forest, sloughs — any land area that can keep water long enough to let wetland plants and soils develop.
Forested Wetland. Classification of Wetlands and Deepwater Habitats of the United States. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service
Boreal Flooded & Swamp Forest Formation. USGS Report F036.
Developing and implementing National Wetland Policies. National Wetland
Policies. Ramsar handbooks for the wise use of wetlands, 4th edition. http://www.ramsar.org
More Ramsar handbooks
- Best asset in the fight against climate change: wetlands.
- Birds at Risk: The Importance of Canada’s Boreal Wetlands and Waterways
- Lake Superior Action Research Conservation: roads and blasting issues when putting turbines in the Lake Superior watershed.
- Michigan officials back federal wildlife conservation plan
- New Study Finds Nature is Vital to Beating Climate Change
- New Study Says Wetland Restoration May Reduce Flood Risks
- Proposed Project will cut right through Core Moose habitat
- Seven important things to know about wetlands
- Video – The Existing Road to Leatherby Falls.
- We are all downstream. Indian Lake Conservation Preserve Protects the Headwaters of the Peshekee River