Information on lifespan, decommissioning, and the toxic waste and disposal issues.
Discussion Paper on Managing Composite Blade Waste. Wind Europe (windeurope.org). March 2017.
Pu Liu, Claire Y. Barlow, Wind turbine blade waste in 2050,Waste Management,Volume 62,2017, Pages 229-240, ISSN 0956-053X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.02.007.
“With the first wave of early commercial wind turbine installations now approaching their end of life, the problem of blade disposal is just beginning to emerge as a significant factor for the future. ” – “The research indicates that there will be 43 million tonnes of blade waste worldwide by 2050 with China possessing 40% of the waste, Europe 25%, the United States 16% and the rest of the world 19%.”
Ramirez-Tejeda, K., Turcotte, D. A., & Pike, S. (2017). Unsustainable Wind Turbine Blade Disposal Practices in the United States: A Case for Policy Intervention and Technological Innovation. NEW SOLUTIONS: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy, 26(4), 581–598.https://doi.org/10.1177/1048291116676098