Resources Industrial Wind Impacts | Health, Noise, Flicker, Vibrations

Resources Industrial Wind Impacts: Health, Noise, Flicker, Vibrations

As Wind Farms have moved into communities, and ecologically important or fragile areas, there has been an emerging track record of negative impacts to local peoples and wildlife in and surrounding those projects.

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Punch, Jerry. James, Richard.Wind Turbine Noise and Human Health:
A Four-Decade History of Evidence that Wind Turbines Pose Risks. September 23, 2016
[Full Article 
Revised October 21, 2016 ]

New WHO noise guidelines for Europe released. Basel, Switzerland, 10 October 2018.

Marcillo, O., S. Arrowsmith, P. Blom, and K. Jones (2015), On infrasound generated by wind farms and its propagation in low-altitude tropospheric wave-guides,
J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120, 98559868, doi:10.1002/2014JD022821 (Read Online)

Infrasound from a 60-turbine wind farm was found to propagate to distances up to 90 km under nighttime atmospheric conditions.

Pilottitutkimus osoittaa infraäänihaitan vähenevän merkittävästi vasta yli 15 kilometrin päässä tuulivoimaloista.  SYTe (2019).  Finnish Association for Environmental Health.  English Language PDF
The pilot study in Satakunta and Northern Ostrobothnia shows that the damage caused by wind farms’ infrared noise will only decrease significantly more than 15 kilometers away from power plants. The study was carried out by the Finnish Environmental Health Association (SYTe) in the spring of 2016.

Auniogroup (2017). 
Auniogroup (2017). Wind turbine infrared is a new signal in the environment. Trade Finland 34/2017, pp. 6-7.
Auniogroup (2018). Infrared measurements of wind turbines in the area of ​​Ilmajoki.
Auniogroup (2017). Kokkola wind turbines.

Roy D. Jeffery, Carmen Krogh, Brett Horner, Adverse health effects of industrial wind turbines.  the College of Family Physicians of Canada.Can Fam Physician. 2013 May; 59(5): 473-475.PMCID:PMC3653647 PMID: 23673580

Canadian family physicians can expect to see increasing numbers of rural patients reporting adverse effects from exposure to industrial wind turbines (IWTs). People who live or work in close proximity to IWTs have experienced symptoms that include decreased quality of life, annoyance, stress, sleep disturbance, headache, anxiety, depression, and cognitive dysfunction. Some have also felt anger, grief, or a sense of injustice. Suggested causes of symptoms include a combination of wind turbine noise, infrasound, dirty electricity, ground current, and shadow flicker. Family physicians should be aware that patients reporting adverse effects from IWTs might experience symptoms that are intense and pervasive and might feel further victimized by a lack of caregiver understanding.

Wind Turbines can be Hazardous to Human Health. Alec N. Salt, Ph.D., Washington University in St. Louis. Washington University School of Medicine. Department of Otolaryngology

05 June 2018,  Barry et al., 2018    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 143, 3278 (2018);  “The findings indicate that residential proximity to wind turbines is correlated with annoyance and health-related quality of life measures.

May 25, 2018,  Infrasound and Low Frequency Noise Lecture about low frequency noise and infrasound and its effects on health, by Dr Mariana Alves-Pereira. Held in Ljubljana, Slovenia, on May 25, 2018.

February 15, 2018 Pathway to disease: Australian court links wind turbine noise with possible diseases.

The Society for Wind Vigilance is an international federation of physicians, engineers and other professionals: The safe siting of wind turbine facilities based on human health research, Education through the dissemination of facts and references on the risk of adverse health effects of human exposure to industrial wind turbines.  (Site contains several studies)

Wind Turbine Noise and Human Health: A Four-Decade History of Evidence that Wind Turbines Pose Risks. Jerry L. Punch, Richard R. James. October 21, 2016.

December 2017. Startle Reflex and Sensitisation How are these Biological Phenomena  relevant to Wind Turbine Noise Exposure? Sarah Laurie, Waubra Foundation, Dr Bob Thorne, Acoustar, Steven Cooper, The Acoustic Group. ASA Conference, New Orleans, December 2017

Marchillo et al. (2014). It is infrasound generated by wind farms and its propagation in low-altitude tropospheric waveguides. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres . Available at:

 April 27, 2017 Annette Smith: The winds of woe… neighbors learned the truth. Yes, you can hear them.

April 12, 2017  RESEARCH ARTICLE: Altered cortical and subcortical connectivity due to infrasound administered near the hearing threshold – Evidence from fMRI (PDF)

March 2017 International Standards Organization acknowledges motion sickness from low-frequency oscillatory motion below 1 Hz http://en.friends-against-wind

March 30, 2017 ISO acknowledges motion sickness from low-frequency oscillatory
motion below 1 Hz

VT PSB Noise Rule Presentation Final 2 Dec2016 to VCE by Stephen E. Ambrose, INCE, Bd Cert. – Specializing in Acoustics study summary document PDF

Ontarians living too close to wind turbines experiencing cardiac instability

Wind-Turbine Noise: American Academy of Audiology – What Audiologists Should Know – low-frequency noise and vibration emitted by wind turbines may have adverse health effects on humans .

March 21, 2017 Wind towers in Bellmont also meet town noise-level restrictions. Wind towers in the town that have been the subject of noise complaints from residents.

March 14, 2017 CHATEAUGAY –– The turbine towers erected for the Jericho Rise wind farm project comply with town restrictions on the amount of noise they can generate –– but that doesn’t mean they aren’t noisy, town officials said Monday.

Mar 12, 2017  Psychologist claims wind industry dangerous to human health, pens epic takedown of ‘green’ energy. Writing for Watts Up With That, “the world’s most viewed site on global warming and climate change,” Helen Schwiesow Parker, Ph.D., laid out a detailed case suggesting the wind industry has caused “adverse human health effects,”… Parker is a licensed clinical psychologist and a former faculty member at University of Virginia Medical School.

Gortsas et al., 2017     Infrasound, low frequency noise and soil vibrations produced by large wind turbines might disturb the comfort of nearby structures and residents. Due to wind loading, the foundation of a wind turbine interacts with the soil and creates micro-seismic surface waves that propagate for long distances and they are able to influence adversely sensitive measurements conducted by laboratories located far from the excitation point.”

Krekel and Zerrahn, 2017     We show that the construction of wind turbines close to households exerts significant negative external effects on residential well-being … In fact, beyond unpleasant noise emissions (Bakker et al., 2012; McCunney et al., 2014) and impacts on wildlife (Pearce-Higgins et al., 2012; Schuster et al., 2015), most importantly, wind turbines have been found to have negative impacts on landscape aesthetics (Devine-Wright, 2005; Jobert et al., 2007; Wolsink, 2007). … We show that the construction of a wind turbine within a radius of 4,000 metres has a significant negative and sizeable effect on life satisfaction. For larger radii, no negative externalities can be detected.”

The Behavioral Ecology of Insect Vibrational Communication REGINALD B. COCROFT AND RAFAEL L. RODRÍGUEZ

May 22, 2017, Analysis of the Influence of Wind Turbine Noise on Seismic Recordings at Two Wind Parks in Germany Hortencia Flores Estrella, Michael Korn, Kilian Albert, Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 2017, 5, 76-91

Havas M, Colling D. Wind turbines make waves: why some residents near wind turbines become ill. Bull Sci Technol Soc. 2011;31(5):414–26. []

Nissenbaum MA, Aramini JJ, Hanning CD. Effects of industrial wind turbine noise on sleep and health. Noise Health. 2012;14(60):237–43. [PubMed]

Schofield, R. (2002) Seismic Measurements at the Stateline Wind Project—A Prediction of the Seismic Signal that the Proposed Maiden Wind Project Would Produce at LIGO. University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA. LIGO-T020104-00-Z

Styles, P., Stimpson, I., Toon, S., England, R. and Wright, M. (2005) Microseismic and Infrasound Monitoring of Low Freqency Noise und Vibrations from Windfarms. Recommendations on the Siting of Windfarms in the Vicinity of Eskdalemuir, Scotland. Report, Keele University, Keele.

Wind power and ecology, October-November 2011 Nature and Society  

This chapter will be confined to noise, health and related issues, with the implications
for the Collector Wind Farm proposal. Aspects of health information contained in the
Marshall Day Acoustics report within the Collector Wind Farm Environmental Assessment will be discussed.

Science deniers in the wind industry

How Does Wind Turbine Noise Affect People? Acoustics research Department of Otolaryngology Washington University School of Medicine Acoustics Today (pdf)

February 28 ,2017 Chateaugay, Bellmont officials receive complaints about noise generated by Jericho Rise Wind Farm

On the bus to Hardscrabble Wind Farm – class action lawsuit against Iberdrola that claims the effects of the turbines constitute a nuisance

Court document Hardscrabble Wind Farm – class action lawsuit against Iberdrola (pdf)

Living in the shadow of Iberdrola wind farm… It’s nothing but misery
Wind turbines make people ill: fact not fiction August 27, 2014

An earful over turbine noise

Wind farm opponent warns St. Lawrence County legislators of potential problems

Massachusetts photographer travels to St. Lawrence County to warn officials and locals concerning controversial wind tower project

Wind farm being sued by families admits its liability

Perception-based protection from low-frequency sounds may not be enough. Research from Department of Otolaryngology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO

A Review of Published Research on Low Frequency Noise and its Effects Report for Defra.  Dr Geoff Leventhall, Dr Peter Pelmear, Dr Stephen Benton. Defra Publications
Admail. London May 2003. (PDF)

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