Meteorologist discusses concerns about wind turbines
Mar 29, 2019 | Margaret Slayton | News-Press Now
A retired meteorologist was in Cameron, Missouri recently for a discussion with those concerned about wind turbine development in the area.
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Mike Thompson, former chief meteorologist for WDAF-TV in Kansas City, gave a March 21 presentation attended by more than 250 people from across the region. They were on hand to discuss the proposed extension of the DeKalb County wind farm into Buchanan County by NextEra Energy.
Thompson said he began researching the building of the 500-foot wind towers in the Midwest after learning that wind speeds must be around 10 miles per hour for a wind turbine to produce measurable energy.
He said a turbine does not produce its standard rated amount of 2-megawatts of electricity until the wind is sustained around 25 miles per hour or greater due to the size and weight of the blades. A wind turbine will turn off when winds reach roughly 55 miles per hour to prevent equipment damage.
Thompson said his research has shown that during the last three years there was one day in St. Joseph that had an average daily wind speed of 25 miles per hour and that was in March of 2017. There were around 30 days of wind per year that reached around 15 miles per hour, which produces slightly less than half of their rated capacity, he said.
“Many times when the wind blows, it is not at the most beneficial time of day or time of year,” Thompson said. “You will sometimes have wind at night when there is a lower electrical demand. It is also possible at times that the blades may be turning but producing a relatively small amount of electricity.”
Thompson said the development of large wind farms also can have an impact on the use of weather radar.
“There can be localized effects to weather radar after the turbines are built,” Thompson said. “The National Weather Service has documented that turbines can create false echoes on Doppler radar.”