Resources |Wind = Mining


OCTOBER 23, 2013, Big Wind’s Dirty Little Secret: Toxic Lakes and Radioactive Waste,  Travis Fisher,Alex Fitzsimmons. The Institute for Energy Research (IER).
“Manufacturing wind turbines is a resource-intensive process. A typical wind turbine contains more than 8,000 different components, many of which are made from steel, cast iron, and concrete. One such component are magnets made from neodymium and dysprosium, rare earth minerals mined almost exclusively in China”

February 3, 2012.  Evaluating Rare Earth Element Availability: A Case with Revolutionary Demand from Clean Technologies, Elisa Alonso, Andrew M. Sherman, Timothy J. Wallington, Mark P. Everson, Frank R. Field, Richard Roth, and Randolph E. Kirchain*
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. | Environ. Sci. Technol. 2012, 46, 3406−3414

November 22, 2011. The myth of renewable energyDawn Stover, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
“You need raw materials, real estate, and other things that will run out one day. You need stuff that has to be mined, drilled, transported, and bulldozed — not simply harvested or farmed. You need non-renewable resources” 
 According to the American Wind Energy Association, the 5,700 turbines installed in the United States in 2009 required approximately 36,000 miles of steel rebar and 1.7 million cubic yards of concrete. The gearbox of a two-megawatt wind turbine contains about 800 pounds of neodymium and 130 pounds of dysprosium”

April 13, 2018 Ambler Copper: Part of the Problem or Part of the Green Energy Solution? Rick Van Nieuwenhuyse. Mining News. “More than 11,000 pounds of copper go into the construction of each of these 5-megawatt offshore wind turbines, plus additional copper is needed to deliver the electricity to the power grid.”
“Green Energy production requires on average five times more copper than conventional, carbon-based energy generation.”

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